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Ah, fantastic...

This is the Maastricht treaty (1992):

Article 105a

l. The ECB shall have the exclusive right to authorize the issue of banknotes within the Community. The ECB and the national central banks may issue such notes. The banknotes issued by the ECB and the national central banks shall be the only such notes to have the status of legal tender within the Community.

  1. Member States may issue coins subject to approval by the ECB of the volume of the issue. The Council may, acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 189c and after consulting the ECB, adopt measures to harmonize the denominations and technical speci/ications of all coins intended for circulation to the extent necessary to permit their smooth circulation within the Community.
Lisbon treaty (2007):
Article 128

  • The European Central Bank shall have the exclusive right to authorise the issue of euro banknotes within the Union. The European Central Bank and the national central banks may issue such notes. The banknotes issued by the European Central Bank and the national central banks shall be the only such notes to have the status of legal tender within the Union.

  • Member States may issue euro coins subject to approval by the European Central Bank of the volume of the issue. The Council, on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the European Parliament and the European Central Bank, may, adopt measures to harmonise the denominations and technical specifications of all coins intended for circulation to the extent necessary to permit their smooth circulation within the Union.
  • See the subtle and important difference?

    A society committed to the notion that government is always bad will have bad government. And it doesn't have to be that way. — Paul Krugman
    by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Dec 1st, 2014 at 12:05:58 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    How did that happen? Did really anybody put this in to mean that parallel currencies should be legal?
    by rz on Mon Dec 1st, 2014 at 12:13:41 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    They forgot that currencies other than the Euro could exist...

    A society committed to the notion that government is always bad will have bad government. And it doesn't have to be that way. — Paul Krugman
    by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Dec 1st, 2014 at 12:23:11 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Hoist on their own petard! It says nothing here about issuance of other currencies, such as Berkshire Bucks, or, indeed, such existing practices as Business Exchange dollar credits.

    "It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
    by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Mon Dec 1st, 2014 at 11:35:08 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    A naive person like myself might ask how all these credit mechanisms, guarantees, etc. are not in themselves alternate currencies.

    Experience keeps a dear school, but fools will learn in no other. -- Dr Johnson
    by melvin (melvingladys at or near yahoo.com) on Tue Dec 2nd, 2014 at 02:02:29 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    An alternate currency circulates.

    A society committed to the notion that government is always bad will have bad government. And it doesn't have to be that way. — Paul Krugman
    by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Tue Dec 2nd, 2014 at 04:52:40 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    In the USA BX operates nation wide. My brother exchanged the cost of chassis and alignment work for Tuscon and Pima County agencies for travel and lodging in various travel destinations, as well as treating us to some of the finer restaurants in Tuscon.

    "It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
    by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Tue Dec 2nd, 2014 at 10:07:02 AM EST
    [ Parent ]

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