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Does anyone have details on just why Khrushchev gave the Crimea to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic? The area had been historically Russian for centuries.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 01:48:29 AM EST
History of Crimea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the military and political situation in Crimea was chaotic like that in much of Russia. During the ensuing Russian Civil War, Crimea changed hands numerous times and was for a time a stronghold of the anti-Bolshevik White Army. It was in Crimea that the White Russians led by General Wrangel made their last stand against Nestor Makhno and the Red Army in 1920. When resistance was crushed, many of the anti-Communist fighters and civilians escaped by ship to Istanbul. A 25-ruble banknote of the Crimean Regional Government

Crimea changed hands several times over the course of the conflict and several political entities were set up on the peninsula. These included:

At the end of WWII, the Crimean Tatars (a Turkic people of Muslim tradition) were massively deported to Central Asia on suspicion of collaboration with the German occupiers.

Following a link on that Wikipedia page leads to a 1954 article on a pro-Tatar site:

Transfer of the Crimea to the Ukraine

In the light of these facts, the transfer of the Crimea to the Ukraine takes on the significance of a carefully considered political step. The transfer of the Crimea to the Ukraine is in the interpretation of the Communist Party a gift of the "elder brother" to the "younger brother" on the occasion of the tricentennial of the unification of Russia and the Ukraine, as if to demonstrate the solicitude of the central government and its desire to meet the Ukrainian people halfway, at the same time reducing its gravitation toward independence from the Kremlin.

This transfer reveals the long term policy. The Ukraine, as the largest republic outside of the RSFSR, is quite understandably the republic with local sentiments which all the other republics listen to. It is the center in which, as it were, all the republics are united in their national aspirations. The Central Committee of the KPSU had in mind, as well, the idea of weakening the significance of the Ukraine as such a center when it ordered the Supreme Soviet to issue this decree. In the first place, the Ukraine, having received the Crimea, an area which in fact belongs to the Crimean Tatars, at the same time makes itself an empire to a certain degree, for now it possesses lands without justification based on ethnographic principles. Therefore, it is the Ukraine and not the RSFSR which turns up as a party to the dispute over the lands of the Crimean Tatars. This places all the republics of Central Asia--the whole Moslem world of the USSR--in opposition to the Ukraine.

Thus, nearly twenty-five million members of the USSR's Moslem world will no longer look on the Ukrainian SSR as their ally in the struggle against the Kremlin's imperialism, but on the contrary will look upon it as a republic with imperialist tendencies which, by virtue of these tendencies, should become an ally of the Kremlin.

I repeat, it's a pro-Tatar site that offers this explanation.

by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 02:50:06 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Krushchev "gave a present to himself"...that's what they say here. I assume he was Ukrainian?

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind...Albert Einstein
by vbo on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:13:29 AM EST
[ Parent ]
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSkhrushchev.htm

Nikita Khrushchev, the grandson of a serf and the son of a coal miner, was born in Kalinovka, Ukraine on 5th April, 1894.


Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind...Albert Einstein
by vbo on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:16:57 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Even if his birthplace was in modern Ukraine was he Ukrainian or Russian? The article uses the spelling of his birthplace used for Russian cities, while the Ukrainian towns (there are several of them) are spelt Kalynivka.

In any case, Wikipedia puts his birthplace in the one in Kursk Oblast, on the Russian side of the border.

by gk (gk (gk quattro due due sette @gmail.com)) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:24:35 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Even if his birthplace was in modern Ukraine was he Ukrainian or Russian?
--------
Well I wouldn't know that...

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind...Albert Einstein
by vbo on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:27:27 AM EST
[ Parent ]
He did go on to live in what is now called Donetsk, joined the Ukrainian Communist Party, fought in the revolutionary wars in Ukraine against the Whites, rose in the Ukrainian CP...
by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:30:44 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Donetsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Donetsk was founded in 1869 when the Welsh businessman John Hughes built a steel plant and several coal mines in the southern part of the Russian Empire at Aleksandrovka (Ukrainian: Олександрівка). The town initially was given the name Hughesovka (Yuzovka; Russian: Юзовка; Ukrainian: Юзівка).[4] By the beginning of the 20th century, Yuzovka had approximately 50,000 inhabitants,[5] and had attained the status of a city in 1917.[6] The main district of "Hughezovka" is named English Colony, and the British origin of the city is reflected in its layout and architecture.

Perhaps Khrushchev was Welsh.

by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:38:33 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Khrushchev had a significant cultural identity with the Ukraine. I recall from my Russian History professor that Stalin treated him almost as a court jester and Ukrainian specimen, but a loyal Communist Ukrainian and a shrewd one at that. I had not realized that the Tatar identity of the Crimea had remained so thoroughly intact until Stalin's time, though I was aware of Stalin's massive use of internal relocation of ethnic minorities for political purposes. One tell of the Tatar identity of the Crimea was the name of the Russian noble from whom John Hughes bought the land he used to create his Russian steel empire: Sergei Kochubey. The 'bey' is the tell. Co-option of local elites was a standard policy of Russia under the Romanovs.  

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 09:53:40 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Now I am checking USSR leaders and just found out that Leonid Brezhnev also was born in Ukraine.


Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind...Albert Einstein
by vbo on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:24:49 AM EST
[ Parent ]
If you read carefully, you'll see that it was not intended as a "gift" to Ukraine.
by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Wed Feb 26th, 2014 at 05:20:01 AM EST
[ Parent ]

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