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I think you are mixing two issues here: preventing people from joining and kicking existing members out.

In Europe, kicking someone out is common in populist parties when leaders clash (recent example: Marine Le Pen kicking out his dad). In mainstream parties, it usually happens when prominent members cause a scandal or openly campaign against the party. But kicking someone out is usually difficult and those kicked out can sue in regular courts against the decision. Some cases:

  • In the UK, Labour expelled George Galloway for his comments about the Iraq War in 2003.
  • In Germany, CDU member of parliament Martin Hohmann held an anti-semitic speech in 2003. Merkel quickly kicked him out of the CDU parliamentary faction, but it took more than half a year for his local party branch to also expel him from the party.
  • Also in Germany, the SPD had a string of high-profile cases. The first was Wolfgang Clement, former economy and labour super-minister under Schröder, a complete corporate sell-out who began to attack his own party from the right. The expulsion proceedings started when he openly called against the election of the SPD in the 2008 Hessen regional elections for being too leftist. His local party branch decided against expulsion, which was over-turned at regional level, which was reduced to a mere admonishment at federal level, but Clement then left on his own.
  • Another scandalous SPD member is Islamophobe and upper-class racist hate-monger Thilo Sarrazin. Two successive attempts at expulsion failed at the level of his local party branch in Berlin, the second time just because he pledged himself to Social Democrat values. He is still an SPD member and still publishing new books full of racist theses.
  • In 2013, the SPD wanted to expel Sebastian Edathy over a child pornography case. It didn't get to that, only to a five-year suspension of membership by mutual agreement.
  • Italy's most famous party expulsion was when the Italian Socialist Party kicked Mussolini out for supporting Italy's entry into WWI.
  • There was a similar case in France: in 1934, the French Communist Party kicked out Jacques Doriot for supporting the idea of a popular front coalition, which he responded to by turning a fascist (and opposing the actual Popular Front government when PCF made its about-face).

In Europe, preventing would-be members from joining usually comes up when the party establishment becomes afraid of entryism. The most recent example is attempts in the UK's Labour to block the surge of new applicants who came because of Corbyn. There was a similar case in Germany, when a student movement started in 1998 with the actual explicit intent to take over the liberal Free Democrats (FDP), but the party establishment reacted by raising the bar on joining. So several thousands joined, some rising high in the ranks later, but there was no real re-orientation of the party.

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Tue Jun 7th, 2016 at 06:19:44 AM EST

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