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Do ballots list the party affiliation of candidates? And am I correct that there IS a registration with some official state organization to determine the elegibility to vote, and, for local and regional elections determine who is eligible according to residence?

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Tue Jun 7th, 2016 at 01:02:02 PM EST
[ Parent ]
There is a register, but at least in Sweden it is automatic. You turn 18, you are registered to vote. And they know your age because everyone gets their ID number at birth or when you migrate to Sweden.
by fjallstrom on Tue Jun 7th, 2016 at 05:52:02 PM EST
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Ballots of course list party affiliation (and parties, where we have proportional voting): the secret part of voting is on the voters' side.

Registration differs from country to country; I'd distinguish three basic types: in some, you have to request registration as a standalone official act; in others, you get to do it alongside doing residence declaration or some other official document all people have to fill out; in still others, there is no registration but people are automatically enrolled on voter lists by the state (as fjallstrom wrote, thanks to IDs). The UK, Australia and Mexico are in the first group, France and Canada are in the second, while the overwhelming majority of European states is in the third group (including Germany, the Netherlands, all Scandinavian countries, Italy or Hungary).

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.

by DoDo on Tue Jun 7th, 2016 at 07:07:17 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Do ballots list the party affiliation of candidates?

Yes, but at least in Sweden that is because it is primarily a party ballot, which also lists the candidates. But you can vote for a party in an election without voting for any particular person. So the party selects their candidates and they may or may not demand in their internal procedures that dues are paid before they nominate, but for all anyone who has not read their internal documents knows, their candidates may not even be members (though they likely are). Membership in parties for the rank and file is treated as somewhat of a secret, and trying to find out who is a member is close to McCarthy-ism. Unless the member has an official capacity, their membership is not a matter for anyone outside the party.

Your question appears to be connected with how you register to vote. Do ballots in the US get party affiliation from what the candidates registered as when they registered to vote.

by fjallstrom on Wed Jun 8th, 2016 at 06:15:19 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Do ballots in the US get party affiliation from what the candidates registered as when they registered to vote.

Vise versa. I believe that a party's national convention could nominate someone not even a member of their party as their presidential candidate, though I cannot think of an example. Before Truman endorsed Stevenson as the Democratic presidential candidate in '52 he had invited Eisenhower to be the candidate, but Einsenhower declined. Eisenhower had told Kansas newspaper editor Roy A. Roberts in 1947 that he was "a good Kansas Republican like yourself". Although Roberts disclosed their conversation in 1951, Americans remained uncertain of Eisenhower's politics....Eisenhower also told Lodge that he was a Republican, which Lodge revealed during a 6 January 1952 press conference. Eisenhower announced through the military that Lodge was correct, and that while he would not ask to be relieved of his NATO assignment for political reasons, if the Republican party gave him "a duty that would transcend my present responsibility" at the convention in July and nominate him, he would run. As late as December, '51 Eisenhower had met with Robert A. Taft, and offered to make a pledge not to run or serve as president if Taft agreed to support collective security with Europe, but Taft had refused. The US military code forbade serving officers from becoming active in US domestic politics, but the question of the date of Eisenhower's actual registration as a member of the Republican Party remains unclear, certainly to me. He might have been registered as a Republican since adulthood, that may or may not have remained valid and he could  simply not have been active in politics, registered or not, pursuant to the military code. Eisenhower WAS a man of principle.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Wed Jun 8th, 2016 at 09:57:40 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The only elections where some people have to choose where to register are the EP elections if you are resident in a country that you are not a citizen of. You can either vote where you reside or in the country you are a citizen of, but you can only vote once. Since Germany has no voter registration process, every resident citizen of the union, German or not, gets a voter notification which in the small print says that it would be fraud to use it, if you vote elsewhere.
by Katrin on Wed Jun 8th, 2016 at 07:01:26 AM EST
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