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Louis XIV pre-dated the Revolution by at least 120 years. His reign arguably represented the apogee of the French monarchy: France was the most powerful and most populous country at that time. Louis cemented his absolute power over the French institutions (the word absolutism was coined then) and waged war all over Europe: Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain...

The French Revolution did happen at the end of the following century and was preceded by weakened kings (Louis XV & Louis XVI, descendants of Louis XIV) and new Enlightenment ideas about freedom and equality (plus that thing that happened over, in the Americas). Another contributing factor reportedly was a series of famines in the countryside, following the eruption of a volcano in Iceland in 1783.

by Bernard on Fri Jul 13th, 2018 at 08:05:52 PM EST
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