Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
Was there ever a bill introduced? A major win for R2P doctrine of Hillary-Samantha-Susan. Obama and especially Gates were reluctant for another war for regime change. Amy more of the same, my vote for Bernie Sanders, same as in 2016.

Amy Klobuchar against troop surge Iraq in 2007

Obama speech on Libya

Oil facilities and unrest in mosques after Friday prayers.

Klobuchar supports US military action in Libya

No US ground troops, not going alone as in Afghanistan (?) and Iraq (?), no long term involvement.

Living in the bubble of US Empire -- Late Antiquity

Global Warming - distance between America and Europe is steadily increasing.

by Oui on Tue Jan 21st, 2020 at 12:28:21 PM EST
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In 2011, Putin had stepped aside and Medvedev was President of Russia.

Russian PM accuses NATO of cynically deceiving UNSC ahead if attacks on Syria

After invoking Article 5 on NATO partners after 9/11 for participating in Afghanistan, the military intervention in Libya was a test case for military partnership of European nations.

The Kosovo intervention was a trial and illegal by standards of International Law and UN Charter. Lessons learned by FLOTUS under husband Bill.

Global Warming - distance between America and Europe is steadily increasing.

by Oui on Tue Jan 21st, 2020 at 12:41:34 PM EST
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The Congressional Research Service (CRS) may well be regarded by future historians and US-Eng. translators as the Scholars of the North Gate, preserving canonical commentaries on imperial politics, bureaucratic mandates, and legal, or moral, doctrine.

Congress never declared war against Iraq, this we know with certainty. Nor did it effectively denounce US military actions in Iraq et seq. to repel the "axis of evil".

  • AUMF 1991, 2002 (before Klobuchar's time) formally delegated war powers to any POTUS. Searches for public laws--other than appropriation for US military deployments and benefits, contractors' concessions,  allied "aid," or sanctions against "adversaries"--from Congress are futile. Post-WWII resolutions for so-called cold wars is another topic altogether.
  • CRS, U.S.-Iraq Withdrawal/Status of Forces Agreement: Issues for Congressional Oversight (2009): "The report then provides a general background as to the content of agreements traditionally considered Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs)"
  • H.R.2757 - Iraq Withdrawal: "Accountability Act of 2011: one can see, no one introduced a related bill in the senate, ergo.
by Cat on Tue Jan 21st, 2020 at 03:46:16 PM EST
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Anticipating SOFA expiration (CYE 2011) and US military withdrawal, Bush admin prepared the "U.S.-Iraqi Strategic Framework Agreement" (a treaty) for the US-selected "Shia" Iraq PM and next POTUS to sign. It was a GE year in the US, 2008, as it is again in 2020, when  ostensible US-Iraq security purposes are moot. POTUS declared victory over IS/ISIL/Daesh/al-Qaida-in-Iraq. Hence, Team Trump's obstinate machinations (covert and overt) to forestall Iraq sovereignty and induce formal co-operation from Iraq's government--as well as opposition from homicidal maniacs in US Congress, of which Klobuchar and Warren indebted to doctrinaire foreign "conflicts".

CRS, U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement: Congressional Response (2008)
U.S.-Iraqi Strategic Framework Agreement: Update on Implementation (2013)

Since Vice President Biden traveled to Iraq in November 2011 and convened a meeting of the U.S.-Iraq Higher Coordinating Committee, the Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA) has served as the backbone of our relationship with the Government of Iraq (GOI). The United States and the GOI value the SFA, as evidenced by public statements by each side, the three Higher Coordinating Committee meetings and 24 Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) meetings held in the areas of cooperation outlined in the SFA, the Working Groups within each JCC that meet on a regular basis, and the myriad of developments across these sectors, a sampling of which is listed below: ...
Desire and Reality: Proposed law designed to drive US forces out of Iraq, Feb 2019
by Cat on Tue Jan 21st, 2020 at 04:41:25 PM EST
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