Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 4th, 2022 at 07:25:20 AM EST

On August 1, 1944, the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK), a non-Communist underground resistance movement, initiated the Warsaw uprising to liberate the city from the German occupation and reclaim Polish independence. The impetus for the military action was the ongoing retreat of the German forces from Poland, followed by the appearance of the Soviet Red Army along the east bank of the Vistula River. By October 2, 1944, the Germans had suppressed the uprising, deporting civilians to concentration and forced-labor camps and reducing Warsaw to ruins.

In November 1940, 380,000 Jews were sealed inside the Warsaw ghetto | Yad  Vashem |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 4th, 2022 at 07:26:08 AM EST
[ Parent ]
On 17 January 1945 Soviet Army liberates Warsaw, capital of Poland from Nazi forces

"The ghostly 'liberation' of a corpse city": 75 years ago today Soviet forces arrived in Warsaw

The Soviet 61st army crossed the Vistula to the south of the city at the Magnuszew bridgehead and the 47th attacked from the north near Modlin. Their aim was to create a kettle encircling the German 9th Army. Aware of the trap, the Germans withdrew most of their forces from the capital.

On January 17, 1945, only German rear-guard forces clashed with soldiers of the 1st Polish Army. The main fighting took place in Bielański Forest, at the Main Railway Station and at the intersection of Aleje Jerozolimskie and Nowy Świat.

What the Polish soldiers of the Red Army saw shocked them. Under a layer of snow were the ruins of homes, scorched walls that were once bedrooms, livings rooms and places where children played with their toys. Death lurked everywhere under the snow. Corpses of insurgents lay unburied in the rubble.

One Polish soldier recalled: "Ruins, ruins, ruins and sometimes corpses with white and red armbands; we knew they were Home Army soldiers. Our boys looked numb, they didn't believe what they saw, they couldn't get any words out, all I heard was `God, God'...".

After the German Nazi party and its army were defeated by the Allies, we all agreed never again. Hatred for old adversaries resulted in the Yugoslav wars, Kosovo unrest and the aggression of Eastern European states that led to a NATO confrontation with Russia. America leads, damn you Joe Biden and warmongers from US Congress. Option of peace ☮️ not on your old brain!

21st Century Pax Americana

Just as most empires, there is an expiration date ...

How Ancient Rome Thrived During Pax Romana

During 200 years of relative peace and prosperity, the Roman Empire reached the peak of its political and economic power.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 4th, 2022 at 07:27:30 AM EST
[ Parent ]


Occasional Series