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Nord Stream - sign of Russia's maturity? | Russia Beyond - Nov. 10, 2011 |

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev was in Germany to take part in the official inauguration of Nord Stream, the new gas pipeline that runs along the bed of the Baltic Sea. As a result, Russia can now provide gas supplies directly to Europe and thus bypass third countries such as Ukraine and Poland.

In addition to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, who is a member of the Nord Stream consortium, the French and Dutch Prime Ministers, Francois Fillon and Mark Rutte, also took part in the ceremony since firms from France and the Netherlands were involved in the construction along with Russian and German companies. On completion, Nord Stream will have an annual capacity of 55 billion cubic meters of gas, enough to supply some 26 million homes.

The pipeline cost 7.4 billion euros ($10.2 billion) and stretches for 1,224 kilometers (760 miles), so it was no surprise to hear Merkel say at the ceremony in the city of Lubmin on Germany's Baltic Coast that the pipeline was the biggest energy infrastructure "of our time" and an exemplar of cooperation between Russia and the European Union.

During the ceremony, Merkel called Russia the EU's leading energy partner.

Unfortunately in last election, no leader could fit the shoes she left. The new generation pushing PR narratives w/o economic fundamentals. Rutte is like Johnson and Truss weak w/o his army of legal advisers and dozens of PR consultants. The puppet show for big business will soon collapse and shut down.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 04:08:41 PM EST
Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline development | NS Energy |

The feasibility study for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project (pdf docu) was started in 2011 and completed in 2013. Construction approvals in Germany, Finland, Sweden and Russia were received respectively in March, April, June, and August 2018, while those for the Danish segment were obtained in October 2019.

Preparatory works for the pipeline started in 2016 and the first set of pipes that Europipe manufactured for the project arrived at the Mukran logistics hub in Germany in October 2016.

Offshore construction works started in the Gulf of Finland, with the use of a 300m-long pipe-laying vessel named Solitaire in September 2018.

Construction delay due to the US government's sanctions

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 04:09:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Nord Stream pipelines were always under attack by US war hawks and favorite Neocons ...

U.S. Senators Vow No 'Faustian Bargain' With Russia, Pledge To Target Putin 'Harder' | RFERL - Dec. 30, 2016 |

Senator Lindsey Graham (Republican-South Carolina) said Congress would pursue in 2017 more sanctions against Russia, targeting the energy and banking sectors, as well as "Putin and his inner circle."

"We're going to do two things: We're going after Putin harder with tougher sanctions and we're going to be more helpful to our friends, like here in Ukraine," Graham said.
McCain, Graham, and Amy Klobuchar (Democrat-Minnesota) said there is strong support in Congress to provide Ukraine with "lethal defensive weapons" to help Kyiv in its fight against Russia-backed separatists in the east.


The U.S. Congress set sanctions against Nord Stream 2 in two different acts: the 2017 Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act and the 2019 Protecting Europe's Energy Security Act. This comment will now describe and assess legality under the principle of prescriptive jurisdiction of the sanctions they edict.

A. Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions (CAATS) Act

In 2017, Congress passed the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, 115 P.L. 44 (codified in scattered sec- tions of 22 U.S.C.). This sweeping act, which targets not only Russia but also Iran and North Korea, notably contains sanctions provisions against anyone who invests in "energy export pipelines" or "sells, leases, or provides to the Russian Federation, for the construction of Russian energy export pipelines, goods, services, technology, information or support." Those sanctions are limited to projects initiated on or after August 2, 2017 and the U.S. Bureau of Energy Resources has recently changed its guidelines to specifically target Nord Stream 2 and Turkstream (both were exempted under previous guidelines). Under 22 U.S.C. § 9526, the President may impose "five or more" sanctions out of a list of eleven sanctions enu- merated under 22 U.S.C. § 9529.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 04:11:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 06:52:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
He said the gas is not poisonous. It's the methane.

< checks watch >

by Cat on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 07:26:57 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"slow swimmers," a carbon budget debit, a HISTORIC flare, and assholes on the Baltic Sea.
by Cat on Thu Sep 29th, 2022 at 12:34:40 PM EST
[ Parent ]
< wipes tears >
Politico.eu.com | Poland and Germany's poisoned relations over Oder River fish die-off, 30 Sep
Both reports blamed prymnesium parvum, a type of golden algae whose bloom can emit toxins lethal to fish and shellfish but is not harmful to humans. But they failed to agree on how much fault rests with humans.
According to the German report: "The most probable cause of the fish kill in the Oder River is a sudden increase in salinity, which, together with other factors, led to a massive increase in a brackish water alga that is toxic to fish."
The authors of the Polish report named a combination of natural and human factors, and argued they were unsure of the amount of polluted water discharged into the river [from the Baltic Sea? nah. IT'S CONTAINED.]. Under Polish law, water discharges can be legal under conditions set by so-called water permits [!].
In a report published this week, NGO Greenpeace blamed the fish kill on salt discharges from the Polish mining industry, based on the results of water and soil samples taken by activists at the end of August....
Politico.eu.com | Poland says tests indicate mercury not cause of fish die-off in Oder, 13 Aug
DW | Mysterious mass fish kill in Oder River expands downstream, 5 Sep
shiptraffic.net | Oder River Marine Traffic

archived personhood status, Sewage in seas, "tuna-like species", floating carpet of dead fish, "tuna bonds", fishing rights row ...

by Cat on Sat Oct 1st, 2022 at 01:05:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]


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