Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
Listening to the hearings, 8-9 April, its obvious that defense counsel has lost the plot—the state's obligation to prevent genocide, not the state's obligation to fund UNRWA and license "subordinate" military equipment to Israel.


2. Nik-ah-rah-goo-wa's factual claims do not withstand scrutiny. They are based on speculation and at times misrepresentation. To set the record straight, Germany has provided you with a set of core documents in the judges' folder. I will refer you to these documents in relatively quick succession but I will provide key points on the slides.
9. First, Germany has not defunded UNRWA. On 27 January, it took a temporary decision not to approve further funds to UNRWA operations in Gaza. This decision was taken in response to grave allegations that UNRWA staff were implicated in the terror attacks of 7 October: allegations that left the UN Secretary-General "horrified" and that continue to be investigated. Germany has since resumed its funding for UNRWA operations in the West Bank, Jordan, and elsewhere, committing a further €45 million. And already on 1 March, the very day Nik-ah-rah-goo-wa instituted proceedings, Germany agreed, in consultation with other EU Member States, to release a €50 million.
11. Third, quite apart from UNRWA, Germany has stepped up its support for Gaza. The information contained in Annex 10 of the judges' folder makes this abundantly clear. Annex 10 lists relevant actions and decisions taken by Germany since  27 January. It is by no means exhaustive, but it shows what has really been happening. I will have to be very selective, but would urge you to look at Annex 10 when you consider Nicaragua's claims. When you look, you will see that immediately after 27 January 2024, the German Government made available support to other humanitarian donors, such as UNICEF, the ICRC and the World Food Programme: an additional support now amounting to nearly €40 million, in addition to funds provided to UNRWA and to contributions via the EU and the regular UN budget.
A robust framework governing exports of military equipment
15. Mr President, permit me to begin with a comment about the German framework governing exports of military equipment, about which you have heard nothing from Nik-ah-rah-goo-wa. This is a robust framework. All German exports of military technology and equipment to Israel are subject to strict licensing requirements. Among these German law distinguishes between two categories: "war weapons" (Kriegswaffen) and "other military equipment" (sonstige Rüstungsgüter in the original German). "War weapons" comprise, for example, combat aircraft or tanks but also automatic weapons and certain corresponding ammunition and essential components. These war weapons require two licences before export under the War Weapons Control Act and under the Foreign Trade and Payments Act. The other category—"other military equipment"—is broad; it goes much beyond "weaponry" in the usual sense.
ICJ | Nicaragua v Germany Application instituting proceedings and request for the indication of provisional measures, 1 Mar
by Cat on Wed Apr 17th, 2024 at 11:42:21 PM EST
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