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Joseph Stiglitz: Europe Points the Way to a Better World

by TGeraghty Wed Mar 28th, 2007 at 07:48:13 PM EST

Joseph Stiglitz argues that, despite all the flaws, the EU represents a tremendous success story that could serve as a model of democracy, human rights, sustainable prosperity with social justice, and peaceful conflict resolution for other societies to follow:

Project Syndicate: Europe's Success Points the Way to Better World

. . . the European project has been an enormous success, not only for Europe, but also for the world. . . .

. . . the driving motivation of the EU's founders was long-lasting peace. Economic integration, it was hoped, would lead to greater understanding, underpinned by the myriad interactions that inevitably flow from commerce. Increased interdependence would make conflict unthinkable.

The EU has realized that dream. Nowhere in the world do neighbors live together more peacefully, and people move more freely and with greater security, than in Europe, owing in part to a new European identity that is not bound to national citizenship.

This stands as an example that the world should emulate - one of shared rights and responsibilities, including the obligation to help the less fortunate. . . .

Is it valid to speak of "European values"? Stiglitz thinks so:

Europe's success is due in part to its promotion of a set of values that, while quintessentially European, are at the same time global.

The most fundamental of these values is democracy, understood to entail not merely periodic elections, but also active and meaningful participation in decision making, which requires an engaged civil society, strong freedom of information norms, and a vibrant and diversified media that are not controlled by the state or a few oligarchs.

The second value is social justice. An economic and political system is to be judged by the extent to which individuals are able to flourish and realize their potential.

As individuals, we are part of an ever-widening circle of communities, and we can realize our potential only if we live in harmony with each other.

This, in turn, requires a sense of responsibility and solidarity.

Is this too optimistic? Certainly Stiglitz glosses over many of the economic, political, and social problems that are analyzed here and elsewhere.

I think this a still a useful perspective, however, and one that is heard far too infrequently in the English-speaking media. It's all too easy to forget how far Europe has come from the horrors of the first half of the 20th century and the divisions of the Cold War.

h/t Mark Thoma's Economist's View

Europe's success points the way to better world -- Shanghai Daily | 上海日报 -- English Window to China News
Europeans should not be dismayed by comparisons of GDP growth in Europe and, say, the United States.

Of course, Europe faces great challenges in perfecting its economic union, including the need to reduce unemployment and boost the economy's dynamism.

But, while GDP per capita has been rising in the US, most Americans are worse off today than they were five years ago. An economy that, year after year, leaves most of its citizens worse off is not a success.

A multi-polar world

Here, too, Europe has led the way, providing more assistance to developing countries than anyone else (and at a markedly higher fraction of its GDP than the US).

The world has faced a difficult period during the past six years. The commitment to democratic multilateralism has been challenged, and rights guaranteed under international conventions, such as the Convention Against Torture, have been abrogated.

Many lessons have emerged, including the dangers of hubris and the limits of military power, and the need for a multi-polar world.

Europe, with more people than any nation except China and India, and the largest GDP in the world, must become one of the central pillars of such a world by projecting what has come to be called "soft power" - the power and influence of ideas and example.

Europe has succeeded in part because it recognizes that the rights of individuals are inalienable and universal, and because it created institutions to protect those rights.

America, by contrast, has witnessed a massive assault on those rights, including that of habeas corpus - the right to challenge one's detention before an independent judge.

Fine distinctions are made, for example, between the rights of citizens and non-citizens.

Today, only Europe can speak with credibility on the subject of universal human rights. For the sake of all of us, Europe must continue to speak out - even more forcibly than it has in the past.

Likewise, while the European project sought to bring about the "harmony" of people living together in peace, we also must live in harmony with our environment - the scarcest of all of our resources.

In this area, too, Europe has taken the lead, especially concerning global warming, showing that petty selfishness can be put aside to achieve a common good.

While economic integration helped achieve a broader set of goals in Europe, elsewhere, economic globalization has contributed to widening the divide between rich and poor within countries and between rich and poor countries.

Another world is possible. But it is up to Europe to take the lead in achieving it.

"Dieu se rit des hommes qui se plaignent des conséquences alors qu'ils en chérissent les causes" Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
by Melanchthon on Thu Mar 29th, 2007 at 04:36:22 AM EST
You should cross-post this diary on DailyKos.

"Dieu se rit des hommes qui se plaignent des conséquences alors qu'ils en chérissent les causes" Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
by Melanchthon on Thu Mar 29th, 2007 at 04:39:10 AM EST
OK, done.
by TGeraghty on Thu Mar 29th, 2007 at 09:29:16 AM EST
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