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US Court Orders Compensation Bombings Libya

by Oui Sat Jul 30th, 2022 at 01:55:07 PM EST

No ... not for the illegal military hostilities causing upheaval in Northern Africa by NATO members in 2011.

Cameron and Sarkozy visit Libya, salute people for 'courage of lions' ...

Italics

Obama points finger at European leaders for Libyan 'mess' | MEE - March 2016 |

The federal judge in the state of Virginia, where Haftar lived before returning to Libya, ruled that he had not cooperated with the court and that by "default" was ordered to pay damages to the families.

Haftar, a dual US-Libyan citizen whose name is spelled "Hifter" in American legal documents, can still appeal the decision, and future hearings will need to be held to determine the level of compensation.


What NATO Left Behind In Libya | Jun 28, 2014 |

Only witness to murder of Libyan women rights activist, also assassinated

The only witness to the murder of the Libyan human rights activist Salwa Bugaighis was also murdered. His body, covered with folter traces, was left by strangers at a hospital in the eastern city of Benghazi, as reported in local media.

    An Egyptian gardener who was reported as having been shot in the leg in the moments leading up to Salwa Bugaighis' murder has died in unexplained circumstances after he was being questioned by Benghazi police.

    The spokesman for Benghazi Medical Centre (BMC) told the Libyan Herald that the man, who has been identified as Salem Ahmed Abdul Qader, arrived at the hospital by ambulance earlier today. He was pronounced dead on arrival and his body showed signs of torture.

The witness was a security guard of Bugaighis. He saw how she was killed  at her home in Benghazi with a shot through the head. Her husband has since been missing. The guard was shot in the leg. After the murder, he was taken away by police for questioning.

The situation in Benghazi is very tense. Radical Islamist militias are involved in a power struggle with a [renegade] general of the Libyan army. [Name please western media! - Oui]

Feminist

Bughaighis was an outspoken opponent of dictator Gaddafi. After his death, human rights activists reacted against the many armed militias in Libya. She also stood up for women's rights, to the chagrin of conservative Islamic groups in Libya.

After Years of Inaction, Libya Must Investigate the Murder of Activist Salwa Bughaighis | June 25, 2021 |

1) Libyan Herald: Even cached page of original link on WayBack Mchine mysteriously failed to keep image. Fortunately I found another route to story.

British lawmakers blame Cameron and Sarkozy for `ill-conceived' Libya intervention | France24 - Sept. 14, 2016 |

Last Obama Stronghold In Libya About to Fall | Jan 19th, 2020 |

It is well known that President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton favoured the coalition of Turkey, Qatar and Morsi of Egypt for rapprochement to Iran. This proved to be a too daring policy and was shut out of the air by Israel, Saudi Arabia, United Emirates and most important the opposition Republicans in Congress.

After removing Colonel Gaddafi from power in Libya, the struggle for the nation and its fossil fuels supplies began. The dozens of tribes in Libya sought new alliances. A protected CIA asset from Alexandria, Virginia, returned from exile to set up a militia centered around Benghazi and the oil infrastructure on the coast. Haftar eliminated strongmen competition and his influence grew supported by the Sunni Arab states.

From the diaries ...

US Marines On the Shore of 'Montezuma and Tripoli' | May 28, 2014 |

    The United States is deploying an amphibious assault ship with about 1000 marines off the coast of Libya in case the US embassy has to be evacuated, a US defence official says. The USS Bataan was to be in the area "in a matter of days," said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

    The move was described as "precautionary" in case conditions in Libya, where militia battles have plunged the country into anarchy, worsen and require the embassy's evacuation.

The United States should have the logistics right for evacuating staff and armed forces from "liberated" nations turning around and dispel the forces of regime change and chaos.

Libyan American Alliance: Case Against Haftar

  • Elzagally et al. v. Haftar [1:19-cv-853]
  • al-Suyid et al. v. Hifter [1:20-cv-170]

Haftar originated as a lieutenant under former Libyan dictator Moammar Gaddhafi's rule.  As a trusted military officer, Gaddafi sent Haftar to fight a war in Chad. However, that relationship soon crumbled when Gaddafi renounced affiliation to the Libyan soldiers captured by Chadian troops following the failed 1986-1987 Libyan-Chadian war. Disavowed, the former Gaddafi affiliate now jailed with limited options accepted the CIA's proposition to train the POWs and lead the prominent military component of the U.S.-funded "National Front for the Salvation of Libya" (FNSL). Leaving Libya for the United States, Haftar settled in northern Virginia for decades where he became a naturalized American citizen.

On April 4, 2019, the dual Libyan-American citizen, General Khalifa Haftar, began his attempt to depose the United Nations-backed  Government of the National Accord (GNA) through a violent military assault on Tripoli. In an audio recording released on the Facebook  page of the LNA's media office, Haftar formally ordered his militias to "victorious[ly] march" to GNA-held Tripoli to "shake the lands under the feet of the unjust bunch." Through the Haftar-ordered indiscriminate attacks, the LNA is suspected of launching rockets against "soft" targets, including civilians, residential neighborhoods, hospitals, and healthcare personnel, disguising his extreme use of forceful violence as counterterrorism measures to protect Libya. The indiscriminate shelling in Tripoli during  the April 2019 offensive sets the foundation of the lawsuit against Khalifa Haftar.  

On June 26, 2019, lead attorney Faisal Gill, in partnership with the Libyan American Alliance, filed a lawsuit against Khalifa Haftar on behalf of multiple families who had relatives mercilessly killed during the April 2019 offensive. The violent atrocities executed against "soft" targets by Haftar and the LNA represent glaring war crimes and human rights violations. Under the Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991 (TVPA), U.S. citizens and non-citizens are permitted to file civil claims addressing torture and/or extrajudicial killings committed in a  foreign country by an individual who acts "under actual or apparent authority, or color of law" of such foreign nation before a U.S. court.  

Other lawsuits brought against Haftar have alleged that him and his  two sons, Khalid and Saddam, who are both officers within the LNA and are also U.S. citizens, are known to own 17 properties around Virginia, representing at least $8 million in assets. Faisal Gill, the attorney representing the Libyan families, explains that "[u]nder the U.S. Alien Tort Claims Act and Torture Victim Protection Act, there is a legal basis to sue people who commit such acts of  atrocities that General Haftar has been committing. The lawsuit against Haftar is for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and gross  violations of human rights. The fact that he is a U.S. citizen makes his legal situation even worse."

Related reading ...

Soon in Libya ...

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi freed from prison in Zintan | Al Jazeera - June 2017 |

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