Provocation in Saudi province of Bahrain with vast Shia majority
Bahrain, Saddam's Guards and Saudi Military a Sunni Front | Mar 16, 2011 |
The king of Bahrain came under heavy opposition pressure to prove his newly-stated commitment to reform yesterday by sacking his unpopular uncle, the world's longest-serving prime minister.
Shia opposition leaders said they would resist a government offer of dialogue until the kingdom's Sunni rulers made a significant gesture by sacrificing Prince Kalifa, who has held his position since Bahrain's independence from Britain in 1971. They also called for the release of political prisoners.
British Colonel the Butcher of Bahrain
(BBC News) Feb, 2003 - Colonel Henderson, who is in his mid-seventies, has had an interesting career. In the 1950s, as a colonial police officer, he helped stamp out the Mau Mau insurgency in Kenya.
When Kenya gained its independence, he was dispatched to Bahrain - then a British protectorate - where he became head of state security for some 30 years.
Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan | HRW - 2003 |
Ansar al-Islam fi Kurdistan (Supporters of Islam in Kurdistan) is one of a number of Sunni Islamist groups based in the Kurdish-controlled northern provinces of Iraq. Its bases are in and around the villages of Biyara and Tawela, which lie northeast of the town of Halabja in the Hawraman region of Sulaimaniya province bordering Iran.
Four Decades of Assassination and Imprisonment of Sunni Imams in Iran | IranWire - 2020 |
Back in 1979, at the birth of the Islamic Republic and the establishment of a Shia government, the Sunni clergy enjoyed a brief honeymoon period. But it did not last long, a mere five months. Over the last 41 years, hundreds of Sunni clerics have been arrested, and some have been executed or assassinated.
Ahmad Moftizadeh was the most influential Sunni cleric arrested after the revolution. He remained in prison until a short time before his death. Ayatollah Khomeini once called him "a respected scientist and a brave cleric," but ordered his arrest in 1982, describing him as "corrupt."
Originally a supporter of the revolution, Moftizadeh became a critic of the Islamic Republic after Shia Islam was proclaimed as the country's official religion in the Constitution, and Sunnis were removed from political positions.
The Political Function of Religion in Kurdish and Perso-Iranian Nationalist Confrontations after the 1979 Revolution
7.0 Maktab Qur'an and Political Issues in Kurdistan
In Kurdistan, some groups brought religion into political game, despite of the little applicability of the political function of religion in the line of Kurdish rights. One of the first and important groups was Maktab Qur'an, founded by Ahmad Moftizada. They are known as `Maktabi' or `Kak Ahmadi' in Kurdistan. Here, we briefly explain this trend and its political ideas and activities.
7.1 Ahmad Moftizada and the Formation of Maktab Qur'an
Ahmad Moftizada (Note 4), well known as Allameh Moftizada or kak Ahmad, the leader and founder of Maktab Qur'an trend, was born in 1933 in Sine (Sanandaj) in a religious family. From his childhood, he was an ardent believer and follower of religious stance and he attained religious sciences. [Under the Shah he was also arrested]
On March 6, 1979, he founded the Islamic Musawat (Equality) Party. On March 18, 1979, he participated in the conference of Kurdish religious leaders in Seqiz (Saqqez). In June 10-12, 1979, he launched the conference of autonomy in Sine. Besides, in spite of canceling his candidacy in Experts Assembly (Majlese Khebregan) election by himself, he participated in the assembly after its formation. In September 1979, he conducted a series of addresses in Hosseinieh Ershad that was the beginning of new stage in his political life. He opposed with some principles of Islamic Republic of Iran's constitution especially the 12th article that led to the formation of the `Sunni Central Council' (Shoray Markazi Sunnat or ShMS) on March 31 and April 1, 1981. Through his invitation on March 13, 1981, the Sunni clergies and leaders participated in the Tehran conference that they enacted a 16 articles manifesto. On August 5-6, 1982, he launched the memorial of the foundation of council in Kermashan (Kermanshah). On September 9, 1982, he was arrested in Tehran and was taken to jail. After 10 years in August 4, 1992, he was released and in February 8, 1993, he passed away. Apart from speeches, articles and his poems, he has two important works: 'A Brief Discussion about Islamic Government' and 'About Kurdistan.'
Letter of Imam Khomeini,
The Great Leader of the Islamic Revolution and Founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran,
To President Mikhail Gorbachev, Leader of the Soviet Union
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Iran: Explosions, Ecstasy, and Elections | by susanhu on Jun 13th, 2005 |
"Top national security official Ali Agha Mohammadi told AFP late Sunday that the attackers 'infiltrated Iran from the region of Basra' in southern Iraq.
"'These terrorists have been trained under the umbrella of the Americans in Iraq,' he charged, adding that Iran suspected British troops across the border might also have links to the separatist group."
Iran's Islamic regime pointed the finger at Arab separatists, possibly backed by US and British forces in Iraq, for a string of deadly pre-presidential election bombings.
The interior ministry said outgoing President Mohammad Khatami had mobilised the country's vast security apparatus ...
"The people behind these bombing must be pan-Arabists who are based outside Iran," Ali Hadad, an aide to the governor of Ahvaz, told AFP.
Official media said eight people were killed and 75 others wounded Sunday in a series of four blasts outside public buildings in Ahvaz, capital of oil-rich Khuzestan province and an ethnic Arab majority city close to the Iraqi border. ...
Later Sunday, another blast hit a busy square in Tehran, killing two people and seriously wounding at least two others. ...
More headlines in recent years ... terrorists hiding a plain sight inside the EU
MEK's violent past looms over US lobby for regime change in Iran | Al Jazeera - March 2018 |
Secretive Iranian opposition group finds new White House ally in John Bolton, but remains a `pariah' back home.
On June 28, 1981, a huge explosion ripped through the headquarters of Iran's ruling Islamic Republic Party, killing at least 74 government officials, including the country's chief justice, Ayatollah Mohammed Beheshti and more than 20 parliament members, gathered that Sunday evening in southern Tehran.
Iran blamed the attack on the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq (MEK), a left-wing political group, which also killed Americans before the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
The suspect reportedly placed the bomb in a rubbish bin near where party leader Beheshti, 52, was addressing the group.
The incident, one of the deadliest political killings in Iran's history, is still remembered as the Haft-e-Tir bombing, so named after the date when it took place on the Persian calendar.
Two months later, President Mohammad Ali Rajaei, Prime Minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar, and three other people were also killed when an explosive hidden in a briefcase detonated inside the prime minister's office.
'No love lost for MEK'
The MEK's history of violence has resurfaced in recent days, after US President Donald Trump appointed John Bolton as his national security adviser. The former US ambassador to the UN is a lobbyist for the group and its "government-in-exile", the Iran National Council of Resistance.
Bolton and the MEK support Trump's threat to undo the Iran nuclear deal and advocate for "regime change" in Iran. But critics warned the group's proximity to the levers of American power and the policy they espouse could be a recipe for more bloodshed in the Middle East.
A year before that, Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, a former intelligence chief of Saudi Arabia, also spoke before the group, denouncing the "Khomeini cancer", in reference to the Islamic Republic's founder and first Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Iraq's Camp Ashraf MEK internment near the border with Iran
In exchange for its support of Saddam Hussein, MEK received "protection, funding, weapons, ammunition, vehicles, tanks, military training, and the use of land".
That decision by the MEK to collaborate with Saddam only magnified Iranian public opinion against the group, Javadi said.
After 35 Years, Iran Liquidates MKO Terrorist near Amsterdam | Aug. 10, 2018 |
The historical event of a savage bombing inside Iran's new leadership after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. The Pahlavi monarchy was ousted, kept in power for decades by foreign states: USA, UK and Israel (Mossad trained the Savak secret police). The occupation of the U.S. Embassy and hostage taking uncovered top secrets detrimental to both the CIA and Mossad. How the Reagan administration managed to make a deal with the Islamic Republic of Iran to keep the hostages imprisoned until after the presidential election of 1980 is one of the secrets of the "deep state" - Pentagon and vast Intelligence Community (27 agencies).
In addition to the deal with Iran, delivering spare-parts needed to keep the Western purchased fighter planes in the air, the CIA used the proceeds to fund the right-wing extremists in Central America: El Salvador and Nicaragua. The military goods were delivered to Iran through emissaries of Israel.
Rear Adm. John M. Poindexter [infamous for death squads during occupation of Iraq called the Salvador Option - see also Amb. Pyatt in Baghdad and Kyiv], the President's former national security adviser, testified that he had approved diversion of the profits to the contras without ever telling President Reagan or anyone else.
The Mess the Iraq Invasion Made | Nov. 18, 2005 |
The Third Option: Covert Action and American Foreign Policy | Book by Loch K. Johnson -2022 |
Loch Johnson's new book explores the subject of covert action, often referred to as a "Third Option" between America's use of diplomacy and warfare---a shadowy approach to international affairs based on the controversial use of secret propaganda, political activities, economic sabotage, and paramilitary operations (whether clandestine warfare or assassinations).
The three major instruments that guide United States foreign policy are the Treaty Power, the War Power, and the Spy Power. Within the category of Spy Power is the "Third Option" the use of covert action. Ever since the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947, the US has often turned to the third option in the conduct of its international relations. This controversial approach includes covert propaganda campaigns, subversive political activities, economic sabotage, and paramilitary operations ranging from clandestine warfare to the assassination of foreign leaders. From the beginning of the Cold War to the present day, America's intelligence and national security agencies have employed all of these "third option" tools in order to advance America's global interests.
Confession by John Bolton: regime change is US foreign policy ...
John Bolton: Proud of A Hard Day's Work
A war criminal's confession as he was analysing the witness statements of Trump's involvement before the January 6th Commission of U.S. Congress and on America's propaganda outlet CNN ...
No rage, no raised eye brows by leading reporter ...
Joe Biden: JCPOA Is Dead
My diary -- Biden: Iran Nuclear Deal Is Dead | Dec. 21, 2022 |
Biden not serious to reinstate the JCPOA nuclear deal scrapped by the former president to favor Israel …
Biden reluctant to remove Iran's Revolutionary Guards from terror list | France24 - April 20, 2022 |
A serie of three articles on outside intervention led by the U.S. [and Israel] supporting foreign terror groups in assassinations and terror campaign of bombings. The sanction regime by the Western nations leaves Iran in an economic poor shape and poverty. The historic ethnic division of Iran leaves multiple opportunities to be exploited by funding opposition movements seeking independence or at least some autonomy. A universal trend for self-identity and nationalism.
The criminal acts by the Jewish State of Israel is not covered in these series as it would be too extensive from the Mossad training the Shah’s secret service SAVAK in methods of oppression and torture.
The Fall of the Shah — The CIA has lost eleven espionage ground stations along the 1,600 km Iranian - Soviet border. The thousands of US military personnel contracted by the DoD have left.
The 8 years during the Reagan administration could by itself be written in a lively book.
Israeli Intelligence and Assassinations | Feb. 8, 2022 |
Has any major power been using the argument of borders and sovereignty recently? UN Charter provisions. #bansanctions #brotherhood #sisterhood